Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, stroke, etc. It is a common health problem in modern society. These diseases can cause serious damage to the body and even be life-threatening, so it is important to understand how cardiovascular disease can be prevented.
Here's how to prevent cardiovascular disease:
1. Diet control:
To prevent cardiovascular disease, the most important thing is to control your weight and diet. Excessive obesity or excessive intake of food and drink will increase the burden on the heart and blood vessels, leading to the occurrence of diseases. It is recommended that you control your diet, reduce your intake of high-fat, high-salt, and high-sugar foods and beverages, and increase your intake of healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to maintain a healthy weight and good cardiovascular health.
2. Proper exercise:
The National Health Service of the Ministry of Health and Welfare recommends that adults should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (such as brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, etc., and can be combined with other sports such as muscle strength training.) or 75 minutes a week It can also be combined with other types of exercise such as strength training. In addition, for sedentary people, it is recommended to stand up and move around every 30 minutes to avoid prolonged sitting. Proper exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and cardiovascular health, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
3. Reduce or quit smoking:
Smoking cessation is also an important measure to prevent cardiovascular disease. Nicotine, tar and other harmful substances in tobacco can damage the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is recommended that everyone try to avoid smoking and second-hand smoke, and take smoking cessation actions as soon as possible.
4. Control pressure:
Learn proper stress management methods such as meditation, rest, relaxation exercises, and more.
5. Regular health check:
Tracking indicators such as triglyceride levels in the body can help discover risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and carry out subsequent prevention and treatment.